ΠΟΛΙΤΙΣΤΙΚΟΣ ΣΥΛΛΟΓΟΣ ΛΙΜΕΝΑΡΙΩΝ
“ΤΟ ΚΑΣΤΡΟ”
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Τhe Traditional Settlement “Kastro” in Thassos.

 

The settlement “Kastro” is situated in the center of the island, in a height of 500m. , which is the highest point of the island’s villages. At the South-East, there is a physical fortification (fortified place);, where according to an inscription, in 1403, people from Konstantinoupoli built a castle in order to control the south side of the island.
 

The form of the settlement and its economy.

The settlement is mentioned for the first time as “Neokastro”, by the traveler Kiriako Agoniti, who went on a tour at the island in 1444-5. After  the Turkish rule it is mentioned as “Yenihisar” in the censuses of the years 1519, 1550, 1569/70, 1601, 1626/27, 1670, 1830/31.
 

Kastro is situated in such a place that it combines, a mountainous  inaccessible  part  of  it, which is invisible by the sea - thus it was protected by the pirates -, the existence of running water in a close distance, the right orientation, preferably towards the south, and also protection from the winds. It is organized in an adjustable to its possibilities central way, around the square.
 

The inhabitants during the first years of the Turkish rule, were mainly occupied with the cattle-raising; and the  vine-growing; but also with the apiculture, the olive trees, the oats, fig-trees,cocoons,legumes, walnuts, almonds, flax, acorn;, pitch. The last years, due to a vineyard disease, the occupation with the olive trees has grown more.

 

Description of a typical house.
 

The traditional house of the village is usually built in parallel with the ground and more rarely  vertically. Its ground plan is rectangular or square, but sometimes more complex, when we are dealing with a mansion. The basement (cellar), is used as a storehouse for the wine, the oil, the olives, and other crops, or as a stable for the animals. It is also the place for the loom. It is either one room, or it is separated in two long rooms with a wall in the middle. The air comes in from openings-loopholes. Sometimes, in the basement, in parallel with the storerooms, there is another room.

Internal wooden stair or external stone one, lead to the first floor, which has external walls made of stone and many times its façade is made of τσατμά; The same goes for the internal walls. The middle wall of the basement goes up to the roof and supports it.

At first, the houses had “hayatia” at the front, that is, open rooms with a roof on them, and one or two rooms at the rear, with windows; of course  there were also the one-space houses, for reasons of economy, which did not have the luxury of a “hayati”. As time went by, the “hayatia” became living rooms (halls);;,because during the winter time it was too difficult for the tenants to live in them. In our days it is rare to find them in houses. Those which have living rooms, are distinguished, either for their σαχνισιά, their protrusions (projection) which are in parallel with the ground plan,  sometimes very intensive, or for their small wooden balconies. The last years we have the appearance of the so called “adelfomiria”, houses which are separated in two equal parts on the basement and the first floor, for two brothers to live in, with a common middle wall made of stone, for economy.

 

 

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